The Family Nurse Partnership (FNP) or Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) as it is known in the United States, has one of the strongest evidence bases of any early childhood preventive programme.
Over 35 years of extensive research, including three large-scale randomised control trials (RCTs) in the US have tested the NFP programme with diverse populations in different contexts. The research has followed families over the long term, observing child participants up to the age of 28 years and has shown that it can improve the lives of children and mothers across all three of the programme’s goals:
- Improved maternal health during pregnancy
- Better child development
- Increased maternal economic self-sufficiency.
Strong evidence based on the effectiveness and implementation of the FNP programme in England is now being built. This includes:
- A formative evaluation of the first ten sites (2011) that established FNP could be delivered well in England with good potential for benefits.
- A large, independent RCT rigorously evaluating the programme’s effectiveness in the English context began in 2009 and reported the first findings in October 2015.
- A wider programme of research to establish how best to implement the FNP programme in England, with studies on the Family Nurse workforce, use of interpreters in delivering the FNP programme, eligibility, local costs and our Compassionate Minds module.